Uganda Baptist Seminary was founded in 1988 and is a ministry of the Baptist Mission of Uganda of the IMB-SBC and the Baptist Union of Uganda.

UBS operates under a constitution and by-laws that contain a statement of faith.

In 2006 it was licensed by the National Council of Higher Education of the Ugandan Government to offer the accredited programs of Certificate of Theology and Diploma of Theology.

In 2016 it was licensed by the National Council of Higher Education of the Ugandan Government to offer the accredited degree program of Bachelors of Theology.

UBS meets the needs of theological education for around 300 students who are Baptist as well as other evangelical pastors and church leaders by offering four levels: Certificate, Diploma, Bachelors and Master of Theology programs of study.

From its inception UBS has followed rigorous academic curriculum offered during a short residential periods. This is done in the context of authentic Baptist ministry. All students come for three one month terms per year. The Certificate and Diploma programs have eight terms while the Bachelors program has eleven terms.

To qualify students must have the recommendation of their local church and association; they must be able to show their active church leadership role for the previous three years; then they must remain active in an accountable ministry throughout their program of study. Nearly all the current students and about 1000 graduates are serving as leaders of local Baptist churches, as teachers in Bible schools, as national missionaries, as associational leaders and as Baptist Union officers.